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Rape in Silence: Who Can Report in Ghana?

Rape is a heinous crime that has become all too common in our society. Unfortunately, many rape cases go unreported due to fear, shame, and cultural stigmatization. In Ghana, rape victims often suffer in silence because they do not know who to turn to for help or how to report the crime.

Reporting rape can be a daunting task, but it is essential for victims to seek justice and receive the necessary support. This article aims to provide information on who can report rape in Ghana and the steps victims can take to seek justice.

Who Can Report Rape in Ghana?

In Ghana, anyone can report rape, regardless of their gender, age, or relationship to the victim. The Ghanaian law recognizes that rape is a criminal offense and should be reported to the appropriate authorities. The following are some of the people who can report rape:

  1. The victim: If you have been raped, you can report the crime to the police. The police will take your statement and investigate the matter.
  2. Family members: If the victim is a child or unable to report the crime, family members can report it on their behalf.
  3. Friends or colleagues: If the victim is too traumatized to report the crime, friends or colleagues can report it on their behalf.
  4. Health workers: Health workers who examine rape victims can report the crime to the police. They are required to report any cases of rape they come across.
  5. Any concerned citizen: Anyone who witnesses or has information about a rape incident can report it to the police.

How to Report Rape in Ghana

Reporting rape in Ghana can be a complicated process, but it is essential for victims to seek justice and receive the necessary support. The following are the steps victims can take to report rape in Ghana:

  1. Seek Medical Attention: The victim should seek medical attention immediately after the rape incident. They should go to the nearest hospital or health center for examination and treatment. It is essential to document any injuries sustained during the rape.
  2. Report to the Police: After receiving medical attention, the victim or anyone with information about the rape should report it to the police. The police will take the victim’s statement and investigate the matter. The victim should provide as much information as possible to help the police with their investigation.
  3. Seek Legal Representation: It is essential to seek legal representation after reporting rape to the police. A lawyer can provide legal advice and support throughout the legal process.
  4. Follow-Up: The victim or their representative should follow up with the police and their lawyer to ensure that the case is being investigated and prosecuted.

Rape is a serious crime that should not be taken lightly. Victims of rape in Ghana should know that they have the right to report the crime and seek justice. Anyone can report rape in Ghana, and victims should seek medical attention, report the crime to the police, seek legal representation, and follow up on the case. It is time to break the silence on rape and hold perpetrators accountable.


  1. Republic of Ghana. Criminal Offences Act, 1960 (Act 29), 2003.
  2. United Nations. Handbook on Effective Police Responses to Violence Against Women. 2018.
  3. Ghana Health Service. Clinical Management of Sexual Assault Manual. 2015.
  4. Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Protection. Guidelines for the Management of Gender-Based Violence in Ghana. 2015.

Written by Sylvester Dordzi

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